Indigenous leaders warn us about the serious consequences they have had to face due to oil exploration and exploitation. They ensure that their communities face the contamination of water sources and the displacement of fish. Additionally, they speak of the violation of rights and the need to survive in the face of the arrival of companies seeking the so-called “black gold”. The overlap faces: the vision of the Government, with economic interest, against the indigenous people´s viewpoint, which seeks to defend ecosystems necessary for their peoples. All the actors are in compliance with the decision of the ANLA (National Environmental Licensing Authority). This entity mentioned, at the end of March, that from 2022, companies will be required to have “environmental licenses” (such as oil companies), so, they ought to present adaptation and mitigation measures to climate change.