Climate action in Colombia through the Rights of Access to Information and Participation

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Climate action in Colombia through the Rights of Access to Information and Participation: Analysis on the Joint Declaration of Intent and Sectorial Action Plans (PAS) and Comprehensive Climate Change Management Plans (PIGCC) of the Transport and Mining-energy sector.

Context

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) are the pillars for the success of the Paris Agreement. Through these instruments, states voluntarily define their climate commitments. These commitments have a bottom-up approach, as they are adjusted to the needs of the country, its social, environmental and legal context. Hence, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities between developed and developing countries is fully applied. It’s been stated that the greatest impediments to impactful climate action will be domestic and not international in nature, since it is the countries that set their own goals internally, unlike past treaties such as the Kyoto Protocol (Bach, 2015). The generation of trust and transparency among the parties, as well as traceability, access to information and the participation of third parties became a fundamental aspect to demand and achieve the implementation of the Agreement. Indeed, the rights of access to information and participation are reflected in the Paris Agreement, and these have been fundamental to ensure the effective implementation and progress of climate commitments and the promotion of the nclusion of human rights and the consideration of the public in decision-making (CIEL, 2018).

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